Antibiotic for racing pigeons in powder or capsule form
- Against Salmonellosis (Paratyphus / wing and leg paralysis)
- Effective against Chlamydia psittaci infection (Ornithosis)
|When?||How often?||How much?||Yield|
|In Salmonellosis||See treatment plan Salmonellosis||12 sachets are sufficient for 24 litres of drinking water|
100 capsules are sufficient for 100 pigeons per day
|In Ornithosis (Chlamydia psittaci infection)||See treatment plan: specific infectious diseases – Ornithosis|
For contra-indications, side effects, interactions with other preparations, and special instructions: see package label.
Salmonellosis has one of the highest mortality rates of any infectious bacterial disease of pigeons.
Salmonella typhimurium var. copenhagen, designated as the “pigeon type” salmonella strain.
Given the right conditions, the bacterium can remain infective in the environment for 1 year or more.
Salmonellae are spread by:
- inhalation of dust containing the pathogen
- contaminated feed (insects, mice, rats)
- dirty feed troughs and water bowls
- transmission from the hen to the egg
- feeding the nestlings with infected crop milk and billing
- chronic carriers: pigeons that appear healthy after surviving salmonella infection, but shed the pathogen at irregular intervals and thus pose a risk to the current flock and their progeny.
Acute form (mainly affects young pigeons):
Enteritis with pulpy, mucoid, greenish droppings; once organs (liver, kidneys, spleen) have become infected, there is growth retardation, emaciation and (in isolated cases) death. Embryos infected with salmonellae frequently die in ovo or during the first few days of life.
Chronic form (mainly affects adult pigeons):
Inflammation causes a thickening of the joints, especially the elbow joint, wing or leg lameness, disorders of balance and torsion of the neck. Recognition of the disease: Bacteriological examination of faecal and/or organ samples. An antibiogram is performed to determine which medication is suitable for treatment purposes.
Ornithosis is an infectious disease that affects many bird species worldwide. It can also be transmitted to humans and other mammals. In Germany, ornithosis is a notifiable disease in pigeons.
Chlamydia psittaci. Chlamydia are small, non-motile micro-organisms that invade cells parasitically. Infection occurs via inhalation of stirred-up dust containing the pathogen, uptake of faecally contaminated feed or water, or else billing or feeding of squabs.
Symptoms of the disease:
Ornithosis occurs in 2 forms:
- The acute form can be recognised in young pigeons from: wheezing noises, uni- or bilateral conjunctivitis and muco-aqueous enteritis with diarrhoea.
- The chronic form is more often found in adult birds, which, however, show few or no signs of the disease. Pigeons that have recovered are a dangerous source of infection for young pigeons and for humans due to their latent shedding of the pathogen.
Recognition of the disease:
The disease can be demonstrated in dead pigeons by microscopic examination of a smear or impression (“klatsch”) preparation of spleen, liver, conjunctiva or air sac that has first been stained using the method according to Stamp. In live birds, the pathogen is demonstrated in faeces, via a sink dab from the cloaca, or alternatively by serological identification of specific antibodies.